Religious Glossary - common terms used related to Religion
Talmud - This usually refers to the Babylonian Talmud
which was completed about 500 CE. It is a collection of the
discussions and decisions of the Rabbis from about 300 to
500 CE. These discussions were an elaboration and clarification
of the laws of the Mishnah, which formed the basis of Talmudic
The Palestinian Talmud (300-400 CE) is a less influential
work as the discussions were cut short by persecutions. a
collection of Jewish halachah and aggadah comprising the Mishnah
and the Gemara. The Gemara, commentary on the Mishnah, is
printed section by section following each verse of the Mishnah.
"Gemara" can be used in its narrow sense, the commentary on
the Mishnah found in the Talmud, or in its wider sense as
a synonym for "Talmud" (Jeruselum
Large volume of texts which are commentary on the Mishnah,
which is commentary on the laws of the Torah. Written down
about 500 AD. Contains many Jewish oral traditions that may
date from Jesus' time, even though it was written down later.
Two versions exist - the Babylonian and the Jerusalem Talmuds.
Orthodox Jews today put a high priority on studying the Talmud.
Talmud' is the 'instruction.' It consists of the Mishnah
(text of the oral teaching of Judaism) and the Gemara (commentary),
containing ancient rabbinic discussion and reflection upon
the laws of Judaism. It is considered an authoritative guide
to spiritual life. There are two forms: the Jerusalem Talmud
- only in incomplete form - and the Babylonian Talmud - three
times larger than the other and the principal version.